Perspective of development of golf tourism in Croatia
Keywords:golf, golf tourism, tourist offer, Croatia, Europe
Golf tourism represents an important part of a sports tourism offer of a destination. In the last couple of decades, it has been registering growth on European and world level. Golfers are characterized as tourists with high purchasing power which was an additional stimulus for tourist destinations to invest in developing golf tourism, in order to attract a large number of golf players, and that way increase the tourist turnover with particular emphasis on tourist consumption. The primary aim of this paper was to present the current state of golf tourism offer in Europe, as well as the state of golf tourism in the Republic of Croatia, as a European Union member with the use of data from secondary sources. Based on the findings the authors presented the developmental activities.
Aksu, A., Uçar, Ö. & Kılıçarslan, D. (2016). Golf Tourism: A Research Profile and Security Perceptions in Belek, Antalya, Turkey. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 6(12), 112. https://doi.org/10.18533/ijbsr.v6i12.1016
Alkier, R., Milojica, V., & Drpić, D. (2015). Promocija kao faktor ojačanja konkurentske pozicije nautičkog turizma Republike Hrvatske na turističkom tržištu. Pomorski zbornik, 49-50(1), 239264. https://hrcak.srce.hr/138210
Bartoluci, M. & Čavlek, N. (2000). The economic basis of the development of golf in Croatian tourism: perspectives and misconceptions (in Croatian). Acta Turistica, 12(2), 105138.
Bartoluci, M. & Čavlek, N. (2007). Devleopment of Golf in Croatian Tourism (in Croatian). In M. Bartoluci & N. Čavlek (Eds.), Tourism and Sport-Aspects of Development, (pp. 147-166). Zagreb, Hrvatska: Školska knjiga
Bartoluci, M., Čorić, D. & Jerkunica, A. (2019). Analysis of the Possibilities of Golf Tourism Development in Continental Croatia. In M. Leko Šimić & B. Crnković (Eds.), 8th International Scientific Symposium Economy of Eastern Croatia – Vision and Growth (pp. 650662). Osijek: Faculty of Economics Osijek.
Boukas, N. & Ziakas, V. (2014). Exploring perceptions for Cyprus as a sustainable golf destination: motivational and attitudinal orientations of golf tourists. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 14(1-4), 3970. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJSMM.2013.060639
Çuhadar, M. (2013). Development of golf tourism and golf tourism demand forecasts in Turkey: a study of Belek region. Journal of Human Sciences, 10(1), 16201639.
Domínguez-Gómez, J.A. & González-Gómez, T. (2017). Analysing stakeholders’ perceptions of golf-course-based tourism: A proposal for developing sustainable tourism projects, Tourism Management, 63, 135143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2017.05.015.
Ersoy, A. & Gülmez, M. (2014). A Research towards the Development of Golf Tourism in Belek Region. Journal of International Social Research, 7(34), 954969.
Ferjanić Hodak, D. (2020). Influence of COVID-19 Pandemic on tourism market: Bibliometric and Content Analysis. In T. Baković, D. Naletina & K. Petljak (Eds.), Trade Perspectives 2020: The interdependence of COVID-19 pandemic and international trade (pp. 123131). Zagreb: Faculty of Economics & Business & Croatian Chamber of Commerce.
Golf Course Association Europe (n.d.). Golf in France, https://www.gcae.eu/golf-france/
Golf tourism Croatia (2019), Golf turizam u Hrvatskoj rezultati online ankete u 2019. godini, https://golftourismcroatia.com/ankete/
Golf tourism Croatia (n.d.), Gdje igrati, https://golftourismcroatia.com/gdje-igrati/
Hosain, M. S., & Rasel, M. (2020). The global economic impact of COVID-19: Three possible scenarios. BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics, 11(1), 3140. https://doi.org/10.5937/bizinfo2001031H
IR GROUP (2018). Golf tourism in Algarve generated a global wealth of 500 million euros, https://www.irgroup.pt/blog/17-golf-tourism-in-algarve-generated-a-global-wealth-of-500-million-euros
Ivanović, S., Alkier-Radnić, R. & Jerak, T. (2011). Signifance of golf for repositioning of the Istria on the tourist market, In D. Milanović & G. Sporiš (Eds.)., 6th International Scientific Conference on Kinesiology „Integrative power of kinesiology“ (pp. 635638). Zagreb: Faculty of Kinesiology.
Ivanović, S., Milenkovski, A. & Milojica, V. (2020). An Evaluation of the Current State of Sport Tourism Offer in Croatian Coastal Destinations. In M. Kolaković, T. Horvatinović, I. Turčić (Eds.). 5th Business & Entrepreneurial Economics Conference 2020 (pp. 8087). Zagreb: Student Business Incubator and Faculty of Economics and Business Zagreb.
Jeremić, Z., Juraković, L., Štokovac, D., Šaškin, B. & Đulabić, D. (2010). Uvod golfa u turističku ponudu Istre, In S. Marić & Z. Lončarić (Eds.). Conference Proceedings of 45th Croatian and 5th International Symposium of agronomists (pp. 263267). Osijek: Faculty of Agriculture.
KPMG (2019). Golf Participation Report for Europe 2019 Golf Advisory Practice in EMEA, https://www.golfbenchmark.com/golf_participation_report_for_europe_2019
López-Bonilla, J.M., Reyes-Rodríguez, M.D.C. & López-Bonilla, L.M. (2014). The Environmental Attitudes and Behaviours of European Golf Tourists, Sustainability, 10(7), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072214
López-Bonilla, L.M. & López-Bonilla, J.M. (2016). From the new environmental paradigm to the brief ecological paradigm: a revised scale in golf tourism, Anatolia, 27(2), 227236, DOI: 10.1080/13032917.2015.1100128
Ministry of Tourism (2013). Strategija razvoja hrvatskog turizma do 2020., https://mint.gov.hr/UserDocsImages/arhiva/130426-Strategija-turizam-2020.pdf
Ministry of Tourism (2018). Akcijski plan razvoja golf ponude, https://mint.gov.hr/UserDocsImages/AA_2018_c-dokumenti/180125_akcijski_golf.pdf.
Moital, M., Dias, N.R. & Machado, D.F.C. (2013). A cross national study of golf tourists' satisfaction, Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 2(1), 3945, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2013.02.003.
Novi list (2019). Ivan Herak: Golf industrija u Europi godišnje okreće 50 milijardi eura. A mi spavamo već 20 godina, https://www.novilist.hr/novosti/hrvatska/ivan-herak-golf-industrija-u-europi-godisnje-okrece-50-milijardi-eura-a-mi-spavamo-vec-20-godina/?meta_refresh=true
R&A. (2019). Golf Around the World. Edition 3, https://www.randa.org/~/media/files/golfdevelopment/gaw-2019-edition-3-hi.ashx
Rabotić, B. (2011). Selektivni oblici turizma. Visoka turistička škola strukovnih studija Beograd.
Song, H-M., Kim, K-S., & Yim, B.H. (2017). The mediating effect of place attachment on the relationship between golf tourism destination image and revisit intention. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22(11), 11821193. https://doi.org/10.1080/10941665.2017.1377740
Thanha, N.T.K., Tuana, L-A & Nguyenb, N.D. (2021). Evaluation of factors impacting the player loyalty in golf course business, Management Science Letters, 11, 155–164. http://dx.doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.8.020
The Golf Wire (2020). The Key Findings from the European Golf Travel Survey 2020, https://thegolfwire.com/european-golf-travel-survey-2020/
Visit Portugal (n.d.). Algarve – the best golfing destination, https://www.visitportugal.com/en/content/algarve-best-golfing-destination
Visit Portugal (n.d.). Golf, https://www.visitportugal.com/en/experiencias/golfe
World Tourism Organization (2019). International Tourism Highlights 2019 Edition, https://doi.org/10.18111/9789284421152
yourgolftravel (n.d.). Golf Breaks in France, https://www.yourgolftravel.com/golf-holidays/france